Dwarf planets

The below table lists the dwarf planets that are either recognized by the IAU (International Astronomical Union), or marked with 'near certainty' in the list of dwarf planet candidates as published by Michael E. Brown.
For detailed information about one of the (candidate) dwarf planets, click on its name.

Dwarf planet Today Opposition
designation magn radius delta elong phase date magn radius delta elong phase
Ceres9.22.97 AU2.91 AU83.8°19.3°26 Nov 20217.22.75 AU1.76 AU175.4°1.6°
Pluto15.134.17 AU34.89 AU43.0°1.1°17 Jul 202114.934.32 AU33.31 AU178.4°0.0°
Makemake17.252.60 AU52.99 AU66.0°1.0°27 Mar 202117.152.61 AU51.73 AU151.6°0.5°
Haumea17.450.29 AU50.93 AU48.8°0.8°17 Apr 202117.350.25 AU49.37 AU151.3°0.5°
Eris18.895.94 AU95.28 AU132.2°0.4°16 Oct 202018.795.95 AU94.98 AU168.3°0.1°
Quaoar19.042.81 AU43.70 AU24.7°0.6°26 Jun 202118.842.79 AU41.78 AU171.8°0.2°
Orcus19.348.06 AU48.10 AU87.2°1.2°2 Mar 202119.248.06 AU47.13 AU159.8°0.4°
2002 MS420.646.48 AU47.27 AU36.1°0.7°5 Jul 202120.446.43 AU45.46 AU163.2°0.4°
Sedna20.684.27 AU83.33 AU163.0°0.2°19 Nov 202020.684.28 AU83.31 AU167.9°0.1°
Salacia20.844.98 AU44.61 AU111.5°1.2°28 Sep 202120.745.04 AU44.13 AU155.6°0.5°
Gonggong21.588.59 AU88.70 AU83.4°0.6°27 Aug 202121.488.76 AU87.75 AU178.4°0.0°

The current positions of the recognized dwarf planets are plotted in the below all-sky chart:

    delta:      Distance between dwarf planet and earth in AU
    radius:     Distance between dwarf planet and sun in AU
    magn:       Magnitude (brightness) estimate    
    elong:      Elongation in degrees (angle sun-earth-dwarf planet)    
    AU:         Astronomical Unit (mean distance between earth and sun: 149597870.7 km    

Orbital elements provided by the MPC (Minor Planet Center).
Calculations by a modified version of AAPlus, a C# implementation of the AA+ project by PJ Naughter from the algorithms presented in the book "Astronomical Algorithms" by Jean Meeus.
NGC2000 dso catalog and star labels from VizieR as provided by the Strasbourg astronomical Data Center.
Tycho2 catalog from the ESO archive.