C/2023 P1 (Nishimura)
ephemeris date magn radius delta ra dec elong phase PA
Nearest approach12 Sep 20233.10.291 AU0.838 AU11h11m+19°03'14.9°117.6°352°
Perihelion17 Sep 20232.40.225 AU0.927 AU12h24m+07°24'12.5°104.0°67°
Today15 Jul 202418.84.694 AU5.282 AU08h52m-25°21'50.0°9.5°158°

Please be aware that cometary behaviour is difficult to predict by nature. Predictions on this page are based on standard models and the latest observations available to me, and will gradually improve with time. The ability of comets to either disappoint or pleasantly surprise us, is one of many things that make them so interesting.

C/2023 P1 (Nishimura)- 2024-07-15

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The interactive orbit chart above shows the comet's path through the solar system and its position at the given date. Green and blue lines are shown perpendicular to the ecliptic plane: Green if the path is above the ecliptic plane, blue if it is below. (Left-click and drag to rotate the view; Right-click and drag to move the view; Use scroll wheel to zoom in our out.)

The orbital elements of C/2023 P1 (Nishimura) are:

            e (Eccentricity)                : 0.9960490
            q (Perihelion distance)         : 0.2249600
            i (Inclination)                 : 132.47700
            Ω (Longitude of ascending node) : 66.84110
            ω (Argument of perihelion)      : 116.29020
            L (Longitude of perihelion)     : 120.65340
            B (Latitude of perihelion)      : 41.39589
            T (Time of perihelion passage)  : 2460205.14560
            P (Orbital period in years)     : 429.63

            Epoch                           : 2024 Jul 14
            Reference                       : MPEC 2024-MB8

            Classification(s):              : Nearly isotropic; Returning (a < 10000 AU); External (P > 200 years)

The light curve chart below shows the estimated development of the comet's magnitude. Blue and black dots are visual and photometric CCD observations respectively from COBS or the MPC. The gray curve is based on the absolute magnitude and slope parameter as calculated from the original MPEC, or the latest values provided by the MPC (9.00 + 5 log[∆] + 10.00 log[r]), whereas the red curve is being recalculated every 6 hours based on the available COBS/MPC observations (currently 8.82 + 5 log[∆] + 9.48 log[r]). The additional green curve shows the effect of forward scattering, occurring when the comet is between the earth and the sun, for a gas-to-dust light ratio δ90 of 0.30. (See Marcus 2007)

The all-sky chart below shows the path of the comet over the same period as the light curve. The comet's current position is marked yellow.